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People v. Li Qinghua
山东泰安中院裁定李庆华抢劫、盗窃案
【法宝引证码】
  • Legal document: Ruling
  • Procedural status: Other
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*Dear user, this document contains only a summary of the respective judicial case. To request a full-text translation as an additional service, please contact us at:  + 86 (10) 8268-9699 database@chinalawinfo.com
 
 
   People v. Li Qinghua
(robbery and burglary case)
山东泰安中院裁定李庆华抢劫、盗窃案

[Key Terms] burglary ; violence ; transformed robbery
[核心术语] 入室盗窃;暴力;转化型抢劫

[Disputed Issues] 1. If an actor who breaks into a house to steal hurts the victim, mistakably believing that he is discovered, how shall the nature of his act be determined?
[争议焦点] 1.行为人入室盗窃,误认为被发现而使用暴力致被害人受伤的,应如何定性?

[Case Summary] Under the provisions of Article 269 of the Criminal Law of the People's Republic of China if an actor commits the crime of burglary fraud or robbery and resorts to violence or threatens with violence on the spot in order to conceal booty resist arrest or destroy evidence he shall be convicted and punished according to the provisions of Article 263 of the said law. The use of violence by a burglar because of his mistake that he is discovered belongs to the burglar's wrong cognizance of facts and does not affect conviction. Therefore...
[案例要旨] 依照刑法第二百六十九条之规定:“犯盗窃、诈骗、抢夺罪为窝藏赃物、抗拒抓捕或者毁灭罪证而当场使用暴力或者以暴力相威胁的依照本法第二百六十三条的规定定罪处罚。”即按照抢劫罪定罪处罚。行为人入室盗窃误认为被发现而使用暴力属于行为人对事实认识错误...

The full text is omitted.

 

山东泰安中院裁定李庆华抢劫、盗窃案 

 ——入室盗窃误以为被发现而使用暴力的行为定性

 裁判要旨
 行为人入户盗窃后,误以为被发现,为避免被抓获而当场使用暴力,造成被害人轻微伤,其行为应定性为入户抢劫。
 案情
 2012年8月23日2时许,被告人李庆华来到山东省宁阳县伏山镇李家户村,翻墙进入王思常家中实施盗窃,未盗得财物。后李庆华又翻墙进入王思常家西边邻居张艳艳家中,为防止被发现,李庆华返回王思常家中拿走其西屋窗户上的镰刀和绳子,并用绳子将张艳艳家的东屋门及堂屋门用绳子拴住。李庆华持一砖块潜入西堂屋张艳艳卧室中,盗得联想手机一部,因为手机发出声音,李庆华以为被发现,遂把砖块扔向床上的张艳艳而逃走,致其头部被砸伤。经鉴定,张艳艳的伤情构成轻微伤;经物价鉴定部门鉴定,被盗手机价值为580元。该手机已返还被害人。
 裁判
 山东省泰安市宁阳县人民法院经审理认为,被告人李庆华入户盗窃,因被发现而当场使用暴力,致人轻微伤,其行为已构成抢劫罪。法院判决:被告人李庆华犯抢劫罪,判处有期徒刑十年,并处罚金人民币一千元。
 李庆华不服一审判决,提起上诉。
 山东省泰安市中级人民法院经审理认为,李庆华以非法占有为目的,实施入户盗窃,并当场使用暴力,致人轻微伤,其行为已构成抢劫罪;李庆华以非法占有为目的,入户窃取他人财物,其行为已构成盗窃罪。李庆华犯数罪,依法应当并罚。原审判决认定事实清楚,定性准确,量刑适当,审判程序合法。法院裁定:驳回上诉,维持原判。
 评析
 本案争议的焦点在于:被告人入室盗窃后,误以为被被害人发现而使用暴力的行为能否认定为入户抢劫?法院认为,被告人的行为应当定性为入户抢劫,其理由如下:
 ......



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