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Copyright Law of the People's Republic of China (2001 Amendment) [Revised]
中华人民共和国著作权法(2001修正) [已被修订]
 
  

 

*注:本篇法规已被:全国人大常委会关于修改《中华人民共和国著作权法》的决定(2010)(发布日期:2010年2月26日,实施日期:2010年4月1日)修正

Copyright Law of the People's Republic of China
(Adopted at the Fifteenth Session of the Standing Committee of the Seventh National People's Congress on September 7, 1990 and amended in accordance with the “Decisions on Amending the Copyright Law of the People's Republic of China” made at the Twenty-fourth Session of the Standing Committee of the Ninth National People's Congress on October 27, 2001)
 

中华人民共和国著作权法
(1990年9月7日第七届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第十五次会议通过 根据2001年10月27日第九届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第二十四次会议《关于修改〈中华人民共和国著作权法〉的决定》修正)


Contents
 目录
Chapter I General Provisions
 第一章 总则
Chapter II Copyright
 第二章 著作权
Section 1 Copyright Owners and Their Rights
 第一节 著作权人及其权利
Section 2 Ownership of Copyright
 第二节 著作权归属
Section 3 Term of Protection
 第三节 权利的保护期
Section 4 Limitations on Rights
 第四节 权利的限制
Chapter III Contracts of Copyright Licensing and Contracts of Copyright Transfer
 第三章 著作权许可使用和转让合同
Chapter IV Publication, Performance, Sound Recording, Video Recording and Broadcasting
 第四章 出版、表演、录音录像、 播放
Section 1 Publication of Books, Newspapers and Periodicals
 第一节 图书、报刊的出版
Section 2 Performance
 第二节 表演
Section 3 Sound Recording and Video Recording
 第三节 录音录像
Section 4 Broadcasting by A Radio Station or Television Station
 第四节 广播电台、电视台播放
Chapter V Legal Liabilities and Law Enforcement Measures
 第五章 法律责任和执法措施
Chapter VI Supplementary Provisions
 第六章 附则

Chapter I General Provisions
 第一章 总则


Article 1 This Law is enacted, in accordance with the Constitution for the purposes of protecting the copyright of authors in their literary, artistic and scientific works and rights related to copyright, of encouraging the creation and dissemination of works which would contribute to the construction of socialist spiritual and material civilization, and of promoting the development and flourishing of socialist culture and sciences.
   第一条 【立法目的】为保护文学、艺术和科学作品作者的著作权,以及与著作权有关的权益,鼓励有益于社会主义精神文明、物质文明建设的作品的创作和传播,促进社会主义文化和科学事业的发展与繁荣,根据宪法制定本法。
Article 2 Works of Chinese citizens, legal entities or other organizations, whether published or not, shall enjoy copyright in accordance with this Law.
Any work of a foreigner or stateless person which enjoys copyright under an agreement concluded between the country to which the author belongs or in which the author permanently resides and China, or under an international treaty to which both countries are parties, shall be protected by this Law.
Any work of a foreigner or stateless person published for the first time and within the territory of China shall enjoy copyright in accordance with this Law.
Any work of an author from a country not having concluded an agreement with China or entered into an international treaty jointly with China or of a stateless person, which is published for the first time in a country as a member of the international treaty into which China has entered or published in a member country and non- member country at the same time, shall be protected by this Law.
   第二条 【著作权范围】中国公民、法人或者其他组织的作品,不论是否发表,依照本法享有著作权。
外国人、无国籍人的作品根据其作者所属国或者经常居住地国同中国签订的协议或者共同参加的国际条约享有的著作权,受本法保护。
外国人、无国籍人的作品首先在中国境内出版的,依照本法享有著作权。
未与中国签订协议或者共同参加国际条约的国家的作者以及无国籍人的作品首次在中国参加的国际条约的成员国出版的,或者在成员国和非成员国同时出版的,受本法保护。
Article 3 “Works” mentioned in this Law shall include works of literature, art, natural science, social science, engineering technology and the like made in the following forms:
   第三条 【作品】本法所称的作品,包括以下列形式创作的文学、艺术和自然科学、社会科学、工程技术等作品:
(1) written works;
 (一)文字作品;
(2) oral works;
 (二)口述作品;
(3) musical, dramatic, quyi*, choreographic and acrobatic art works;
 (三)音乐、戏剧、曲艺、舞蹈、杂技艺术作品;
(4) works of fine art and architecture
 (四)美术、建筑作品;
(5) photographic works;
 (五)摄影作品;
(6) cinematographic works and works created in a way similar to cinematography
 (六)电影作品和以类似摄制电影的方法创作的作品;
(7) drawings of engineering designs and product designs, maps, sketches and other graphic works as well as model works;
 (七)工程设计图、产品设计图、地图、示意图等图形作品和模型作品;
(8) computer software;
 (八)计算机软件;
(9) other works as provided in laws and administrative regulations.
 (九)法律、行政法规规定的其他作品。
Article 4 Works the publication or dissemination of which is prohibited by law shall not be protected by this law.
Copyright owners, in exercising their copyright, shall not violate the Constitution or laws or infringe upon the public interests.
   第四条 【作品及著作权必须合法】依法禁止出版、传播的作品,不受本法保护。
著作权人行使著作权,不得违反宪法和法律,不得损害公共利益。
Article 5 This Law shall not be applicable to:
   第五条 【本法适用的除外】本法不适用于:
(1) laws, regulations, resolutions, decisions and orders of state organs; other documents of legislative, administrative or judicial nature; and their official translations;
 (一)法律、法规,国家机关的决议、决定、命令和其他具有立法、行政、司法性质的文件,及其官方正式译文;
(2) news on current affairs;
 (二)时事新闻;
(3) calendars, numerical tables, forms of general use and formulas.
 (三)历法、通用数表、通用表格和公式。
Article 6 Regulations for the protection of copyright in expressions of folklore shall be separately established by the State Council.
   第六条 【民间文艺作品的著作权保护】民间文学艺术作品的著作权保护办法由国务院另行规定。
Article 7 The copyright administration department under the State Council shall be responsible for the nationwide administration of copyright. The copyright administration department of the people's government of each province, autonomous region or municipality directly under the Central Government shall be responsible for the administration of copyright within its own jurisdiction.
   第七条 【著作权管理机构】国务院著作权行政管理部门主管全国的著作权管理工作;各省、自治区、直辖市人民政府的著作权行政管理部门主管本行政区域的著作权管理工作。
Article 8 Copyright owners and the obligees related to copyright may authorize a collective management organization of copyright to exercise the copyright or the rights related to copyright. The collective management organization of copyright may, after being authorized, claim rights in its own name for the copyright owners and the obligees related to copyright, and may, as a party concerned, participate in the litigation and arbitration activities involved with copyright or the rights related to copyright.
A collective management organization of copyright shall be a non-profit organization, and the method of its establishment, its rights and obligations, the collection and distribution of the royalty for copyright licensing, as well as the supervision and management over it shall be separately provided by the State Council.
   第八条 【著作权及相关权利的授权行使】著作权人和与著作权有关的权利人可以授权著作权集体管理组织行使著作权或者与著作权有关的权利。著作权集体管理组织被授权后,可以以自己的名义为著作权人和与著作权有关的权利人主张权利,并可以作为当事人进行涉及著作权或者与著作权有关的权利的诉讼、仲裁活动。
著作权集体管理组织是非营利性组织,其设立方式、权利义务、著作权许可使用费的收取和分配,以及对其监督和管理等由国务院另行规定。

Chapter II Copyright
 第二章 著作权


Section 1 Copyright Owners and Their Rights
 第一节 著作权人及其权利


Article 9 “Copyright owners” shall include:
   第九条 【著作权人】著作权人包括:
(1) authors;
 (一)作者;
(2) other citizens, legal entities and organizations enjoying copyright in accordance with this Law.
 (二)其他依照本法享有著作权的公民、法人或者其他组织。
Article 10 “Copyright” shall include the following personal rights and property rights:
   第十条 【著作权内容】著作权包括下列人身权和财产权:
(1) the right of publication, that is, the right to decide whether to male a work available to the public;
 (一)发表权,即决定作品是否公之于众的权利;
(2) the right of authorship, that is, the right to claim authorship and to have the author's name mentioned in connection with the work;
 (二)署名权,即表明作者身份,在作品上署名的权利;
(3) the right of alteration, that is, the right to alter or authorize others to alter one's work;
 (三)修改权,即修改或者授权他人修改作品的权利;
(4) the right of integrity, that is, the right to protect one's work against distortion and mutilation;
 (四)保护作品完整权,即保护作品不受歪曲、篡改的权利;
(5) the right of reproduction, that is, the right to produce one or more copies of the work by means of printing, Xeroxing, rubbing, sound recording, video recording, duplicating, or re-shooting, etc.;
 (五)复制权,即以印刷、复印、拓印、录音、录像、翻录、翻拍等方式将作品制作一份或者多份的权利;
(6) the right of distribution, that is, the right to provide the public with original copies or reproduced copies of works by means of selling or donating;
 (六)发行权,即以出售或者赠与方式向公众提供作品的原件或者复制件的权利;
(7) the right of lease, that is, the right to nongratuitously permit others to temporarily exploit a cinematographic work, a work created in a way similar to cinematography or computer software, unless the computer software is not the main object under the lease;
 (七)出租权,即有偿许可他人临时使用电影作品和以类似摄制电影的方法创作的作品、计算机软件的权利,计算机软件不是出租的主要标的的除外;
(8) the right of exhibition, that is, the right to publicly display the original copies or reproduced copies of works of fine art and cinematographic works;
 (八)展览权,即公开陈列美术作品、摄影作品的原件或者复制件的权利;
(9) the right of performance, that is, the right to publicly perform works, and to publicly transmit the performance of works by various means;
 (九)表演权,即公开表演作品,以及用各种手段公开播送作品的表演的权利;
(10) the right of projection, that is, the right to make, by such technical equipment as projector, episcope, etc., the works of fine art, photographic works, cinematographic works and works created in a way similar to cinematography, etc. reappear publicly;
 (十)放映权,即通过放映机、幻灯机等技术设备公开再现美术、摄影、电影和以类似摄制电影的方法创作的作品等的权利;
(11) the right of broadcasting, that is, the right to publicly broadcast or disseminate works by wireless means, to disseminate broadcast works to the public by wired dissemination or rebroadcast, and to disseminate broadcast works to the public by audio amplifier or other similar instruments for transmission of signs, sounds or images;
 (十一)广播权,即以无线方式公开广播或者传播作品,以有线传播或者转播的方式向公众传播广播的作品,以及通过扩音器或者其他传送符号、声音、图像的类似工具向公众传播广播的作品的权利;
(12) the right of information network dissemination, that is, the right to provide the public with works by wired or wireless means, so as to make the public able to respectively obtain the works at the individually selected time and place;
 (十二)信息网络传播权,即以有线或者无线方式向公众提供作品,使公众可以在其个人选定的时间和地点获得作品的权利;
(13) the right of production, that is, the right to fix works on the carrier by cinematography or in a way similar to cinematography;
 (十三)摄制权,即以摄制电影或者以类似摄制电影的方法将作品固定在载体上的权利;
(14) the right of adaptation, that is, the right to modify a work for the purpose of creating a new work of original creation;
 (十四)改编权,即改变作品,创作出具有独创性的新作品的权利;
(15) the right of translation, that is, the right to transform the language of a work into another language;
 (十五)翻译权,即将作品从一种语言文字转换成另一种语言文字的权利;
(16) the right of compilation, that is, the right to choose or edit some works or fragments of works so as to form a new work;
 (十六)汇编权,即将作品或者作品的片段通过选择或者编排,汇集成新作品的权利;
(17) other rights which shall be enjoyed by the copyright owners.
A copyright owner may permit others to exercise the rights provided in Items (5) through (17) of the preceding paragraph, and may receive remuneration as agreed upon in the contract or in accordance with the relevant provisions in this Law.
A copyright owner may wholly or partially transfer the rights provided in Items (5) through (17) of Paragraph 1 of this Article, and may receive remuneration as agreed upon in the contract or in accordance with the relevant provisions in this Law.
 (十七)应当由著作权人享有的其他权利。
著作权人可以许可他人行使前款第(五)项至第(十七)项规定的权利,并依照约定或者本法有关规定获得报酬。
著作权人可以全部或者部分转让本条第一款第(五)项至第(十七)项规定的权利,并依照约定或者本法有关规定获得报酬。

Section 2 Ownership of Copyright
 第二节 著作权归属


Article 11 Except otherwise provided in this Law, the copyright in a work shall belong to its author.
The author of a work is the citizen who has created the work.
Where a work is created according to the intention and under the supervision and responsibility of a legal entity or another organization, such legal entity or organization shall be the author of the work.
The citizen, legal entity or organization whose name is affixed to a work shall, without the contrary proof, be the author of the work.
   第十一条 【著作权归属的确定】著作权属于作者,本法另有规定的除外。
创作作品的公民是作者。
由法人或者其他组织主持,代表法人或者其他组织意志创作,并由法人或者其他组织承担责任的作品,法人或者其他组织视为作者。
如无相反证明,在作品上署名的公民、法人或者其他组织为作者。
Article 12 Where a work is created by adaptation, translation, annotation or arrangement of a pre-existing work, the copyright in the work thus created shall be enjoyed by the adapter, translator, annotator or arranger, provided that the copyright in the original work is not infringed upon.
   第十二条 【演绎作品的著作权】改编、翻译、注释、整理已有作品而产生的作品,其著作权由改编、翻译、注释、整理人享有,但行使著作权时不得侵犯原作品的著作权。
Article 13 Where a work is created jointly by two or more co-authors, the copyright in the work shall be enjoyed jointly by those co-authors. Co-authorship may not be claimed by anyone who has not participated in the creation of the work.
If a work of joint authorship can be separated into independent parts and exploited separately, each co-author shall be entitled to independent copyright in the parts that he has created, provided that the exercise of such copyright does not infringe upon the copyright in the joint work as a whole.
   第十三条 【合作作品的著作权】两人以上合作创作的作品,著作权由合作作者共同享有。没有参加创作的人,不能成为合作作者。
合作作品可以分割使用的,作者对各自创作的部分可以单独享有著作权,但行使著作权时不得侵犯合作作品整体的著作权。
Article 14 A work created by compilation shall refer to the work which is compiled of some works, fragments of works or the data or other materials not constituting a work, and the choice or layout of the contents of which embodies the original creation. The copyright of the compilation work shall be enjoyed by the compiler, provided that the exercise of such copyright does not infringe upon the copyright of the pre-existing works included in the compilation.
   第十四条 【汇编作品的著作权】汇编若干作品、作品的片段或者不构成作品的数据或者其他材料,对其内容的选择或者编排体现独创性的作品,为汇编作品,其著作权由汇编人享有,但行使著作权时,不得侵犯原作品的著作权。
Article 15 The copyright of a cinematographic work or a work created in a way similar to cinematography shall be enjoyed by the producer, while any of the playwright, director, cameraman, words-writer, composer and other authors of the work shall enjoy the right of authorship, and shall be entitled to obtain remuneration as agreed upon in the contract between him and the producer.
The authors of the screenplay, musical works and other works that are included in a cinematographic work or a work created in a way similar to cinematography and can be exploited separately shall be entitled to exercise their copyright independently.
   第十五条 【电影作品和以类似摄制电影方法创作的作品的著作权】电影作品和以类似摄制电影的方法创作的作品的著作权由制片者享有,但编剧、导演、摄影、作词、作曲等作者享有署名权,并有权按照与制片者签订的合同获得报酬。
电影作品和以类似摄制电影的方法创作的作品中的剧本、音乐等可以单独使用的作品的作者有权单独行使其著作权。
Article 16 A work created by a citizen when fulfilling the tasks assigned to him by a legal entity or another organization shall be deemed to be a service work. Unless otherwise provided in Paragraph 2 of this Article, the copyright of such a work shall be enjoyed by the author, but the legal entity or organization shall have a priority right to exploit the work within the scope of its professional activities. During the two years after the completion of the work, the author shall not, without the consent of the legal entity or organization, authorize a third party to exploit the work in the same way as the legal entity or organization does.
In the following cases the author of a service work shall enjoy the right of authorship, while the legal entity or organization shall enjoy other rights included in the copyright and may reward the author:
   第十六条 【职务作品的著作权】公民为完成法人或者其他组织工作任务所创作的作品是职务作品,除本条第二款的规定以外,著作权由作者享有,但法人或者其他组织有权在其业务范围内优先使用。作品完成两年内,未经单位同意,作者不得许可第三人以与单位使用的相同方式使用该作品。
有下列情形之一的职务作品,作者享有署名权,著作权的其他权利由法人或者其他组织享有,法人或者其他组织可以给予作者奖励:
(1) drawings of engineering designs and product designs, maps, computer software and other service works, which are created mainly with the materials and technical resources of the legal entity or organization and under its responsibility;
......
 (一)主要是利用法人或者其他组织的物质技术条件创作,并由法人或者其他组织承担责任的工程设计图、产品设计图、地图、计算机软件等职务作品;

......



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