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Military Service Law of the People's Republic of China (2021 Revision) [Not Yet Effective]
中华人民共和国兵役法(2021修订) [尚未生效]
【法宝引证码】
 
  
  
Order of the President of the People's Republic of China 

中华人民共和国主席令

(No. 95) (第九十五号)

The Military Service Law of the People's Republic of China, as revised and adopted at the 30th Session of the Standing Committee of the Thirteenth National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China on August 20, 2021, is hereby issued, and shall come into force on October 1, 2021. 中华人民共和国兵役法》已由中华人民共和国第十三届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第三十次会议于2021年8月20日修订通过,现予公布,自2021年10月1日起施行。
Xi Jinping, President of the People's Republic of China 中华人民共和国主席 习近平
August 20, 2021 2021年8月20日
Military Service Law of the People's Republic of China 中华人民共和国兵役法
(Adopted at the 2nd Session of the Sixth National People's Congress on May 31, 1984; amended for the first time by the Decision at the 6th Session of the Standing Committee of the Ninth National People's Congress to Amend the Military Service Law of the People's Republic of China on December 29, 1998; amended for the second time by the Decision at the 10th Session of the Standing Committee of the Eleventh National People's Congress to Amend Some Laws on August 27, 2009; amended for the third time by the Decision at the 23rd Session of the Standing Committee of the Eleventh National People's Congress to Amend the Military Service Law of the People's Republic of China on October 29, 2011; revised at the 30th Session of the Standing Committee of the Thirteenth National People's Congress on August 20, 2021) (1984年5月31日第六届全国人民代表大会第二次会议通过 根据1998年12月29日第九届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第六次会议《关于修改〈中华人民共和国兵役法〉的决定》第一次修正 根据2009年8月27日第十一届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第十次会议《关于修改部分法律的决定》第二次修正 根据2011年10月29日第十一届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第二十三次会议《关于修改〈中华人民共和国兵役法〉的决定》第三次修正 2021年8月20日第十三届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第三十次会议修订)
Contents 目  录
Chapter I General Provisions 第一章 总  则
Chapter II Military Service Registration 第二章 兵役登记
Chapter III Enlistment in Peacetime 第三章 平时征集
Chapter IV Active Service and Reserve Service of Enlisted Members 第四章 士兵的现役和预备役
Chapter V Active Service and Reserve Service of Commissioned Officers 第五章 军官的现役和预备役
Chapter VI Cadets Enrolled by Academies of the Armed Forces from Young Students 第六章 军队院校从青年学生中招收的学员
Chapter VII Mobilization of Troops in Wartime 第七章 战时兵员动员
Chapter VIII Service Benefits, Pensions, and Preferential Treatment 第八章 服役待遇和抚恤优待
Chapter IX Placement of Veterans 第九章 退役军人的安置
Chapter X Legal Liability 第十章 法律责任
Chapter XI Supplemental Provisions 第十一章 附  则
Chapter I General Provisions 

第一章 总  则

Article 1 For the purposes of regulating and strengthening the military service work of the state, guaranteeing that citizens perform military service in accordance with the law, safeguarding the addition to and reserving for the armed forces of troops, and building and consolidating national defense and powerful armed forces, this Law is enacted in accordance with the Constitution.   第一条 为了规范和加强国家兵役工作,保证公民依法服兵役,保障军队兵员补充和储备,建设巩固国防和强大军队,根据宪法,制定本法。
Article 2 It is the sacred duty of every citizen of the People's Republic of China to defend the motherland and resist aggression.   第二条 保卫祖国、抵抗侵略是中华人民共和国每一个公民的神圣职责。
Article 3 The People's Republic of China shall implement a military service system based mainly on volunteer military service, combining volunteer military service with conscript military service.   第三条 中华人民共和国实行以志愿兵役为主体的志愿兵役与义务兵役相结合的兵役制度。
Article 4 In military service work, the leadership of the Communist Party of China shall be adhered to, Xi Jinping's thought on strengthening the armed forces shall be implemented, the Military Strategy for the New Era shall be implemented, the coordination with the economic and social development of the state shall be adhered to, the proportionality to the building of national defense and the armed forces shall be adhered to, and the principles of subordination to the needs of national defense, focus on preparations for war and combat, the demonstration of the honor to perform military service, and the showing of the proportionality of rights to obligations shall be followed.   第四条 兵役工作坚持中国共产党的领导,贯彻习近平强军思想,贯彻新时代军事战略方针,坚持与国家经济社会发展相协调,坚持与国防和军队建设相适应,遵循服从国防需要、聚焦备战打仗、彰显服役光荣、体现权利和义务一致的原则。
Article 5 All citizens of the People's Republic of China, regardless of ethnic status, race, occupation, family background, religious belief and education, have the obligation to perform military service according to the provisions of this Law.   第五条 中华人民共和国公民,不分民族、种族、职业、家庭出身、宗教信仰和教育程度,都有义务依照本法的规定服兵役。
Exemptions from military service shall be granted to citizens unfit for it owing to serious physical defects or serious deformities. 有严重生理缺陷或者严重残疾不适合服兵役的公民,免服兵役。
Citizens deprived of political rights by law may not perform military service. 依照法律被剥夺政治权利的公民,不得服兵役。
Article 5 The military service shall comprise the active service and the reserve service. Those serving in the Chinese People's Liberation Army are service members; those pre-regimented into active forces, or regimented into reserve forces, for reserve service are reservists.   第六条 兵役分为现役和预备役。在中国人民解放军服现役的称军人;预编到现役部队或者编入预备役部队服预备役的,称预备役人员。
Article 7 Service members and reservists must abide by the Constitution and laws, and shall perform their obligations and at the same time enjoy their rights as citizens. Their rights and obligations resulting from their joining the military service shall be specified by this Law and other relevant law and regulations.   第七条 军人和预备役人员,必须遵守宪法和法律,履行公民的义务,同时享有公民的权利;由于服兵役而产生的权利和义务,由本法和其他相关法律法规规定。
Article 8 Service members must abide by the rules and regulations of the army, faithfully discharge their duties and always be ready to fight for the defense of the motherland.   第八条 军人必须遵守军队的条令和条例,忠于职守,随时为保卫祖国而战斗。
Reservists must participate in military training, perform duties of combat readiness, and conduct tasks for non-war military operations according to relevant provisions and be ready at any time to be called up for fight in war to defend the motherland. 预备役人员必须按照规定参加军事训练、担负战备勤务、执行非战争军事行动任务,随时准备应召参战,保卫祖国。
Service members and reservists shall take a service oath in accordance with the law when entering into service. 军人和预备役人员入役时应当依法进行服役宣誓。
Article 9 Responsibility for military service work throughout the country shall be assumed by the Ministry of National Defense under the leadership of the State Council and the Central Military Commission.   第九条 全国的兵役工作,在国务院、中央军事委员会领导下,由国防部负责。
The provincial commands (garrison commands), sub-commands (garrison commands) and the departments of people's armed forces of counties, autonomous counties, non-districted cities, and municipal districts shall concurrently act as the military service authorities of the people's governments at corresponding levels and shall be responsible for military service work in their respective administrative areas under the leadership of military authorities at higher levels and the people's governments at corresponding levels. 省军区(卫戍区、警备区)、军分区(警备区)和县、自治县、不设区的市、市辖区的人民武装部,兼各该级人民政府的兵役机关,在上级军事机关和同级人民政府领导下,负责办理本行政区域的兵役工作。
Authorities, public organizations, enterprises, public institutions, and the people's governments of townships, nationality townships, and towns shall carry out military service work according to the provisions of this Law. The business in military service work shall be handled by the department of people's armed forces, if an entity has such department, or by a department designated by the entity, if it has no such department. A regular higher education institution shall have a body responsible for military service work. 机关、团体、企业事业组织和乡、民族乡、镇的人民政府,依照本法的规定完成兵役工作任务。兵役工作业务,在设有人民武装部的单位,由人民武装部办理;不设人民武装部的单位,确定一个部门办理。普通高等学校应当有负责兵役工作的机构。
Article 10 The military service authorities of the local people's governments at or above the county level shall, in conjunction with relevant departments, strengthen the organization, coordination, and supervisory inspection of the military service work within their respective administrative areas.   第十条 县级以上地方人民政府兵役机关应当会同相关部门,加强对本行政区域内兵役工作的组织协调和监督检查。
The local people's governments at or above the county level and military authorities at the same level shall use the condition of military service work as the content of the contest of supporting the armed forces, providing preferential treatment for military family members, supporting the government, and loving the people and the evaluation and appraisal of the relevant entities and the persons in charge thereof. 县级以上地方人民政府和同级军事机关应当将兵役工作情况作为拥军优属、拥政爱民评比和有关单位及其负责人考核评价的内容。
Article 11 The state shall strengthen the informatization of military service work, take effective measures to achieve information sharing among relevant departments, and advance the modernization of the technology for collection, processing, transmission, and storage, among others, of information on military service, so as to support the improvement of quality and efficiency of military service work.   第十一条 国家加强兵役工作信息化建设,采取有效措施实现有关部门之间信息共享,推进兵役信息收集、处理、传输、存储等技术的现代化,为提高兵役工作质量效益提供支持。
The departments related to military service work and their employees shall strictly keep confidential the personal information collected, and shall not divulge or illegally provide it to another person. 兵役工作有关部门及其工作人员应当对收集的个人信息严格保密,不得泄露或者向他人非法提供。
Article 12 The state shall take measures to strengthen publicity and education about military service, raise citizens' awareness of performing military service in accordance with the law, and create a good social atmosphere revering the performance of military service.   第十二条 国家采取措施,加强兵役宣传教育,增强公民依法服兵役意识,营造服役光荣的良好社会氛围。
Article 13 A service member or reservist who performs meritorious conduct shall be commended and rewarded in accordance with the provisions on the commendation and rewarding for meritorious conduct issued by the state and the armed forces.   第十三条 军人和预备役人员建立功勋的,按照国家和军队关于功勋荣誉表彰的规定予以褒奖。
An organization or individual who makes outstanding contributions to military service work shall be commended and rewarded in accordance with the relevant provisions issued by the state and the armed forces. 组织和个人在兵役工作中作出突出贡献的,按照国家和军队有关规定予以表彰和奖励。
Chapter II Military Service Registration 

第二章 兵役登记

Article 14 The state shall implement a military service registration system. Military service registration shall include original military service registration and reserve service registration.   第十四条 国家实行兵役登记制度。兵役登记包括初次兵役登记和预备役登记。
Article 15 Male citizens who will be 18 years old by December 31 each year shall be originally registered for military service that year according to the arrangements of military service authorities.   第十五条 每年十二月三十一日以前年满十八周岁的男性公民,都应当按照兵役机关的安排在当年进行初次兵役登记。
Authorities, public organizations, enterprises, public institutions, and the people's governments of townships, nationality townships, and towns shall, in accordance with the arrangements of the military service authorities of the people's governments of counties, autonomous counties, non-districted cities, and municipal districts, be responsible for organizing the original military service registration of male citizens of eligible age in the entities or their respective administrative areas. 机关、团体、企业事业组织和乡、民族乡、镇的人民政府,应当根据县、自治县、不设区的市、市辖区人民政府兵役机关的安排,负责组织本单位和本行政区域的适龄男性公民进行初次兵役登记。
Original military service registration may be online registration, or on-site registration at a military service registration station or point. For military service registration, personal information shall be submitted truthfully. 初次兵役登记可以采取网络登记的方式进行,也可以到兵役登记站(点)现场登记。进行兵役登记,应当如实填写个人信息。
Article 16 Where a citizen who has not performed the active service after original military service registration meets the conditions for reserve service, the military service authority of the people's government of a county, autonomous county, non-districted city, or municipal district may register the citizen for reserve service as needed.   第十六条 经过初次兵役登记的未服现役的公民,符合预备役条件的,县、自治县、不设区的市、市辖区人民政府兵役机关可以根据需要,对其进行预备役登记。
Article 17 An enlisted member from active service shall, within 40 days of retirement from active service, or a commissioned officer from active service shall, within 30 days of determining the place of placement, make modification to the information on his or her military service registration at the military service authority of the people's government of the county, autonomous county, non-districted city, or municipal district in the place of placement; and be registered for reserve service, as a unit of the armed forces determines necessary, if the enlisted member or commissioned officer meets the conditions for reserve service.   第十七条 退出现役的士兵自退出现役之日起四十日内,退出现役的军官自确定安置地之日起三十日内,到安置地县、自治县、不设区的市、市辖区人民政府兵役机关进行兵役登记信息变更;其中,符合预备役条件,经部队确定需要办理预备役登记的,还应当办理预备役登记。
Article 18 The military service authorities of the local people's governments at or above the county level shall be responsible for the work of military service registration in their respective administrative areas.   第十八条 县级以上地方人民政府兵役机关负责本行政区域兵役登记工作。
The military service authorities of the people's governments of counties, autonomous counties, non-districted cities, and municipal districts shall organize annual verification of information on military service registration, and check the military service registration status of citizens in conjunction with relevant departments, so as to ensure the timeliness of military service registration and the accuracy and completeness of information. 县、自治县、不设区的市、市辖区人民政府兵役机关每年组织兵役登记信息核验,会同有关部门对公民兵役登记情况进行查验,确保兵役登记及时,信息准确完整。
Chapter III Enlistment in Peacetime 

第三章 平时征集

Article 19 The number of enlisted members, number of times, time, and requirements for enlistment for active service each year shall be prescribed by order of the State Council and the Central Military Commission.   第十九条 全国每年征集服现役的士兵的人数、次数、时间和要求,由国务院和中央军事委员会的命令规定。
...... 县级以上地方各级人民政府组织兵役机关和有关部门组成征集工作机构,负责组织实施征集工作。
 ......



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