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Regulations On The People's Republic Of China On Settlement Of Labour Disputes In Enterprises [Expired]
中華人民共和國企業勞動爭議處理條例 [失效]
【法寶引證碼】
 
  
  
Order of the State Council
(No. 117)
The Regulations On The People's Republic Of China On Settlement Of Labour Disputes In Enterprises, adopted at the 5th Standing Meeting of the State Council on June 11, 1993, are hereby promulgated and shall go into effect on August 1, 1993.
Prime Minister: Li Peng
July 6, 1993
REGULATIONS OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ON SETTLEMENT OF LABOUR DISPUTES IN ENTERPRISES
 

中華人民共和國國務院令
(第117號)


《中華人民共和國企業勞動爭議處理條例》已經一九九三年六月十一日國務院第五次常務會議通過,現予發布,自一九九三年八月一日起施行。
總理 李鵬
一九九三年七月六日
中華人民共和國企業勞動爭議處理條例
CHAPTER I GENERAL RULES
 

第一章 總則


Article 1 The present Regulations are drawn up to properly handle labour disputes in enterprises, protect the legitimate rights and interests of the enterprise and the workers and employees, maintain the order of normal production and management, develop sound labour relations, and promote the smooth progress of the reform and the implementation of the open policy.
   第一條 為了妥善處理企業勞動爭議,保障企業和職工的合法權益,維護正常的生產經營秩序,發展良好的勞動關系,促進改革開放的順利發展,制定本條例。
Article 2 The Regulations are applicable to the following labour disputes between the enterprise and the workers and employees within the territory of the People's Republic of China:
   第二條 本條例適用于中華人民共和國境內的企業與職工之間的下列勞動爭議:
(1) Disputes arising out of dismissal, discharge or lay-off of workers and employees by enterprises, or resignation by workers and employees or leaving their jobs of their own volition;
 (一)因企業開除、除名、辭退職工和職工辭職、自動離職發生的爭議;
(2) Disputes concerning implementation of relevant State policies on wages, insurance, welfare, training and labour protection;
 (二)因執行國家有關工資、保險、福利、培訓、勞動保護的規定發生的爭議;
(3) Disputes regarding execution of the labour contract;
 (三)因履行勞動合同發生的爭議;
(4) Disputes that other laws and regulations stipulate should be handled with reference to the regulations.
 (四)法律、法規規定應當依照本條例處理的其他勞動爭議。
Article 3 The enterprise and the worker(s) and employee(s) involved shall be the parties to a case of labour dispute.
   第三條 企業與職工為勞動爭議案件的當事人。
Article 4 Settlement of labour disputes shall observe the following principles:
   第四條 處理勞動爭議,應當遵循下列原則:
(1) Emphasis is given to mediation and prompt handling;
 (一)著重調解,及時處理;
(2) Labour disputes shall be dealt with in accordance with law on a fact-finding basis;
 (二)在查清事實的基礎上,依法處理;
(3) The parties involved are equal before applicable laws.
 (三)當事人在適用法律上一律平等。
Article 5 When there are more than three workers and employees with the same grievances as one of the parties, the workers and employees involved shall nominate their representative to participate in the work of mediation and arbitration.
   第五條 發生勞動爭議的職工一方在三人以上,並有共同理由的,應當推舉代表參加調解或者仲裁活動。
Article 6 In case of a labour dispute, the parties shall first find solution through negotiations. If the parties are unwilling to go for negotiations or negotiations fail, the case may be referred to the mediation committee of the enterprise in which the dispute has occurred; if mediation fails, the case may be referred to the labour dispute arbitration committee for arbitration. The parties may also petition directly to the labour dispute arbitration committee for arbitration. When one of the parties or both parties refuse to accept the arbitration award, he or they may bring a lawsuit before the people's court.
In the course of handling a labour dispute, neither party shall aggravate the dispute.
   第六條 勞動爭議發生後,當事人應當協商解決;不願協商或者協商不成的,可以向本企業勞動爭議調解委員會申請調解;調解不成的,可以向勞動爭議仲裁委員會申請仲裁。當事人也可以直接向勞動爭議仲裁委員會申請仲裁。對仲裁裁決不服的,可以向人民法院起訴。
勞動爭議處理過程中,當事人不得有激化矛盾的行為。
CHAPTER II MEDIATION IN ENTERPRISES
 

第二章 企業調解


Article 7 An enterprise may set up a labour dispute mediation committee (hereinafter referred to as mediation committee) to be responsible for mediation of labour disputes within the enterprise. The mediation committee shall be composed of the following persons:
   第七條 企業可以設立勞動爭議調解委員會(以下簡稱調解委員會)。調解委員會負責調解本企業發生的勞動爭議。調解委員會由下列人員組成:
(1) Representative(s) of workers and employees;
 (一)職工代表;
(2) Representative(s) of the enterprise;
 (二)企業代表;
(3) Representative(s) of the enterprise trade union.
The workers' representatives shall be nominated by the congress of workers' representatives or the workers' congress, the enterprise representatives appointed by the enterprise director or manager, and the enterprise trade union representatives appointed by the enterprise trade union committee.
The number of members to the mediation committee shall be determined through negotiations between workers' congress and the enterprise director or manager, at the proposal of the former. The number of enterprise representatives shall not exceed one third of the total.
 (三)企業工會代表。
職工代表由職工代表大會(或者職工大會,下同)推舉產生;企業代表由廠長(經理)指定;企業工會代表由企業工會委員會指定。
調解委員會組成人員的具體人數由職工代表大會提出並與廠長(經理)協商確定,企業代表的人數不得超過調解委員會成員總數的三分之一。
Article 8 The post of chairman of the mediation committee shall be taken up by a representative of the enterprise trade union.
The mediation committee shall set up its office at the enterprise trade union committee.
   第八條 調解委員會主任由企業工會代表擔任。
調解委員會的辦事機構設在企業工會委員會。
Article 9 In an enterprise without any trade union organization, the establishment and composition of the mediation committee shall be determined through negotiations between the workers' representatives and the enterprise representatives.
   第九條 沒有成立工會組織的企業,調解委員會的設立及其組成由職工代表與企業代表協商決定。
Article 10 Disputes taken up by the mediation committee shall wind up within 30 days starting from the date of application by the parties; otherwise, mediation shall be considered unsuccessful.
   第十條 調解委員會調解勞動爭議,應當自當事人申請調解之日起三十日內結束;到期未結束的,視為調解不成。
Article 11 The mediation committee shall observe the policy of voluntariness for both parties during mediation. Agreements reached through mediation shall be written in a mediation note for voluntary execution by the two parties; if mediation fails, the case may be referred to the labour dispute arbitration committee within a set time limit.
   第十一條 調解委員會調解勞動爭議應當遵循當事人雙方自願原則,經調解達成協議的,制作調解協議書,雙方當事人應當自覺履行;調解不成的,當事人在規定的期限內,可以向勞動爭議仲裁委員會申請仲裁。
CHAPTER III ARBITRATION
 

第三章 仲裁


Article 12 Counties, cities and city districts shall set up labour dispute arbitration committees (hereinafter referred to as arbitration committees).
   第十二條 縣、市、市轄區應當設立勞動爭議仲裁委員會(以下簡稱仲裁委員會)。
Article 13 The arbitration committee shall be composed of the following persons:
   第十三條 仲裁委員會由下列人員組成:
(1) Representatives of the department in charge of labour administration;
 (一)勞動行政主管部門的代表;
(2) Representatives of the trade union council;
 (二)工會的代表;
(3) Representatives of the department of overall economic administration appointed by the government.
......
 (三)政府指定的經濟綜合管理部門的代表。
仲裁委員會組成人員必須是單數,主任由勞動行政主管部門的負責人擔任。
勞動行政主管部門的勞動爭議處理機構為仲裁委員會的辦事機構,負責辦理仲裁委員會的日常事務。
......



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